“Anti-Jewish boycott”: Beginnings of Nazi Anti-Jew
Once they had assumed power, the National Socialists put their racial anti-Semitism, the dominant element their ideology, into action. Step by step, they marginalized Jews from public life. In particular, Jewish merchants, civil servants, physicians, students and artists were subjected to severe discrimination in this phase.
On April 1, members of the NSDAP actively supported a boycott of Jewish businesses and physicians' practices (“anti-Jewish boycott”), which had been organized by the SA and SS. On April 7, Jewish civil servants were dismissed from their jobs and attorneys were forbidden from practicing law. As of April 25, the admission of Jewish students to German educational institutions was restricted.
Such actions were aimed at undermining any sense of security in Jewish segments of the population and thus generating a sociopolitical pressure that would induce Jews to emigrate from Germany. In view of further developments, these measures were merely the prelude to the systematic persecution of Jews in the ensuing years, which ultimately ended in an unparalleled genocide.
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