The synod of the Confessing Church in Barmen

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Both wings of the forming Confessing Church convened at the first National Synod of the Confessing Church in Barmen from May 29 to 31, 1934. The Lutheran wing was represented primarily by the bishops of the so-called “intact” regional churches of Bavaria, Hannover and Württemberg. The Union and Reformed wing was particularly influenced by the oppositional Council of Brethren of the Prussian regional church, which had a German Christian church government and was therefore considered “destroyed”. The 139 synod attendees from all parts of Germany – including just one woman, Stephanie von Mackensen – adopted, among other things, a theological declaration, which can be called the Magna Charta of the Confessing Church.

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  • ©Ev. Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte München, A 1.20

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