Radicalization of the Persecution of Jews

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The persecution and disenfranchisement of the Jewish populace, which had already gone through a phase of radicalization after the November Pogrom of 1938, started to intensify again significantly in 1939. Curfews, inadequate supplies, eviction from houses and apartments, forced relocation to “Jews’ house” or transit camps in cramped quarters made everyday life a daunting challenge. All Jews had to wear a yellow star on their clothing as of September 19, 1941.

Once the decision to exterminate European Jews had been made in the summer of 1941, mass transports of German Jews “to the East” commenced in October of 1941.

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